BRIDGING PLANNED AND AUTONOMOUS CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION APPROACHES BY SMALL-SCALE FARMERS IN THE UPPER EAST REGION OF GHANA
Climate change is a major concern for sustainable development. It has the potential to undermine sustainable development through an increased vulnerability which can delay or prevent the realization of the SDGs. In Ghana, Climate change poses challenges to agricultural productivity and environmental sustainability, thus increasing the vulnerability of small-scale farmers. Both government and non-governmental organizations in their quest to reduce this vulnerability have designed and implemented programs and projects in some communities in the country. Small-scale farmers have also been adapting to the change through their local knowledge and practice which have sustained their livelihoods over time. However, the extent to which the two approach bridges to improve resilience remains a mirage. Research and design of programs on climate change in Ghana are often project-driven, short-term and uncoordinated leading to fragmented adaptation approaches while usage of traditional knowledge in developing autonomous adaptation approaches remains disjointed and undocumented. This study seeks to examine the bridging of the planned and autonomous adaptation approaches adopted by small-scale farmers in the Upper East Region of Ghana. The study will also examine indigenous knowledge that is relevant for climate change adaptation in the country since indigenous knowledge has been used by small-scale farmers over time to develop their resilience.